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Stability Returns to Sudanese Refugee Camps in Chad 2:35

Stability Returns to Sudanese Refugee Camps in Chad

In Chad, the UN Refugee Agency takes care of 250,000 Sudanese refugees uprooted by the conflict in Darfur, 166,000 internally displaced Chadians as well as 60,000 refugees from the Central African Republic. Bandits and rebel recruitment inside the camps remain a significant problem for the United Nations which has now taken over peacekeeping duties from the European Union. For the VOA, Nina-Maria Potts reported from eastern Chad just days before the handover.

Počet zhlédnutí: 2174
Chesapeake Bay Pollution Threatens Watermen's Livelihoods 3:50

Chesapeake Bay Pollution Threatens Watermen's Livelihoods

Located along the Eastern coast of the United States, the Chesapeake Bay is North America's largest estuary. The Bay collects fresh waters from more than 166,000 square kilometers, but pollution threatens this vital waterway. Those who make a living on and from the Bay see an eco-system on the verge of collapse. Failure to protect the Chesapeake would have a devastating effect on livelihoods and lifestyles, and would threaten thousands of species living in and around the Bay. As Arash Arabasadi found out, it is a story with widespread consequences, and lessons to be learned by all.

Počet zhlédnutí: 1083
A Fateful Harvest - part 5 - A heroin lab bust 3:21

A Fateful Harvest - part 5 - A heroin lab bust

The Taliban uses profits from opium as a source of revenue. Video of an anti-narcotic police bust of a heroin lab in Badakhshaan province. Two AM in Badahkshan province and the anti-narcotics police begin their operation. With the morning light, they arrive in a remote village. They've lost time and -- possibly - the element of surprise ... Amin: Where is your father? Man: Responds Colonel Amin Ali -- head of the provincial anti-drug force -- hurries with his team through the village ... There's still far to go and no certainty they'll find what they've come for... But the portable generator is a good sign. And further along the ravine, they find it... A makeshift heroin processing lab ... with 600 kilograms of opium ready to be processed into 75 kilograms of heroin. Wholesale value in neighboring Iran a quarter of a million dollars ... This time, the lab workers were tipped off and escaped ... but not before converting the raw opium into a solid morphine base, -- the step before refining it further into heroin. Amin: The water is [collected] then brought in big bowls and Then is boiled in these barrels Then, when the water boils, the opium is put in. The opium dissolves into a brown liquid and ultimately becomes the morphine base. It can later be processed into various grades of heroin for smoking or injecting. Given the remote location and difficulty of the terrain, Amin will have his men pour out the liquid here and destroy any remaining raw opium or bags of chemicals. This is the eleventh lab Colonel Amin and his men have raided in Badakhshan during the last year. But it's too soon to declare a victory in the province's drug war. Police reports claim many other primitive heroin labs in Badakhshan. They exist because the big money's in processing. Barnet Rubin: The UN office on drugs and crime, has estimated in recent years that the farmers are getting from 20-30% and that traffickers, corrupt officials, Taliban and other participants in it like people who make heroin out of opium are getting the remaining seventy or eighty percent ' Seventy to eighty percent of a yearly four billion dollar revenue stream is a staggering amount of money. The average per capita income in Afghanistan is under 400 dollars a year. Few legal jobs can match the money earned in the drug trade.

Počet zhlédnutí: 108360
Elephantiasis Afflicts 120 Million in Africa, Asia 4:14

Elephantiasis Afflicts 120 Million in Africa, Asia

More than one billion are at risk of contracting the debilitating and disfiguring ailment, elephantiasis. Infection is rampant in parts of Africa and Asia, but as Rachel Smalley reports for VOA from London, stepped-up efforts to combat the parasitic disease are under way.

Počet zhlédnutí: 545702
A Fateful Harvest -- part 2 - The rise of the poppy problem 9:32

A Fateful Harvest -- part 2 - The rise of the poppy problem

Last year, the country's drug trade was a $4 billion business, half of which came from the south where the fighting against the Taliban insurgency is the fiercest. The rise of the poppy problem: War, destruction of a rural economy, immigration, and few alternative livelihoods afghan afghanistan democracy taliban corruption illegal drug trade antonio maria costa crop farmers criminals extremists pakistan opium poppy trafficker illegal narcotics heroin export cultivation insurgency eradication helmond criminals united nations debt king zahir shah soviet union roseanne klass russian kafaiyatullah mujahadin socialism rural economy farmland survival income-generating military muslim kirk mullah omar democracy karzai trafficking vanda felbab-brown christina orguz narco-state poppies iran smuggling criminal counter-narcotics thomas schweich kandahar nato zabul province drugs drug five pillar plan interdiction uruzgan tirin kot mohammad daoud adam holloway pomegranate profitable sustainable nangarhar agricultural shinwari growers irrigation dur jan poverty dealer fields badahkshan anti-narcotics police processing lab morphine refining kabul kamair doug wankel druglord dea haji baz mohmmad boyd johnson corrupt parliament shukria barakzai government warlords tribal addict unemployment balkh unodc

Počet zhlédnutí: 28211
A Fateful Harvest - part 7 - Addiction 8:32

A Fateful Harvest - part 7 - Addiction

Over 100,000 people use opium in Afghanistan. How many are addicted to heroin? Should opium be used as medicine to calm children? Today, illegal processing in Afghanistan has made drugs cheaper and more available within the country... The result is that increasingly Afghans themselves are succumbing to the dangers of the country's largest cash crop. A recent United Nations survey puts the number of heroin addicts throughout the country at 50,000. That's in addition to 150,000 people who use opium. Poverty and unemployment are two causes of drug abuse. But in Afghanistan, there's another reason: Antonio Maria Costa: '...during the past quarter century, so many conflicts -- against the Soviets, against one another, the mujahadin, the Civil War period, the Taliban rules, the fight against the Taliban, all of this has created a context whereby people, especially internally displaced people, especially refugees, finding themselves in dire conditions, so some of them started to use opium as a way of just forgetting the daily chores, and the daily difficulties and the tragedies in life President Karzai: '...drug addiction unfortunately has come to Afghanistan, mainly as consequence of being refugees in our neighboring countries. It ruins families, its something that worries me a lot its something that we have not yet has done much unfortunately.' Many of the country's addicts picked up their habit elsewhere -- in neighboring Pakistan ... or Iran, where per capita heroin use is the highest in the world. Among them, 39 year old Abdurahman, who struggled twelve years with addiction. His life reveals a growing trend in a country where domestic drug abuse was once virtually unknown. Abdurahman I became a useless human being.' Realizing how his addiction affected his family, Abdurahman quit using heroin. He is also very firm on his outlook on those working in the illegal drug trade. Abdurahman 'The person who does this is not a Muslim and not from this land. He is someone against the people, against the youth the people of the world. He is even worse than Osama. Abdurahman escaped from the web of addiction ... but many Afghans still struggle ... North of the Hindu Kush in Afghanistan is where the Central Asian steppes begin ... a flat grassy plain that stretches hundreds of miles into Russia. In Balkh province, farming and herding still prevail as a way of life. Today, the province is poppy-free, the result of the government's rigorous anti-narcotics campaign. But addiction rates are growing. And it's here where Dr Mohammad Ehsan Hamra practices, serving some of the most remote parts of the country, where access to medical care is limited. Dr Ehsan sees many addicts whose abuse resulted from war, displacement or a society in chaos. However, he also encounters traditional communities where drug addiction is rampant. The UNODC estimates one-third of the people in this district, mostly Turkmen, are drug-addicted. Dr Ehsan: 'Turkmens live in a tribal system. They have used drugs for many years as medicine for reducing pain and because of the lack of access to health facilities. Finally, another main reason, I think, is that they do heavy physical work ...' In a traditional village, opium addiction may look different than an urban setting. Fifty-year old Najiba, a mother of five, is a carpet weaver whose rugs are sold in shops in the provincial capital of Mazar E-Sharif 30 miles away. Interviewer: 'Where does your body hurt when you're weaving rugs? Weaver: 'Everyplace. My back, my legs, every place Interviewer: 'What medicine do you use when it hurts you? Weaver: 'We eat opium Interviewer: 'Does that help you reduce pain? Weaver: 'Yes '' Opium also serves another purpose for rug weavers needing to keep their hands free of child-caring duties. Interviewer: How many times do you give opium to the child? Interviewee: two times. When her mother gets tired, the baby does not let her to sleep Interviewer: Why two times? Interviewee: We give the baby opium in the morning because we are weaving carpet. We give him at night because he does not let her mother sleep and we weave carpet. Dr Ehsan: 'From my point of view it is a tragedy; a child does not know. He is not responsible for becoming addicted, from my experience, it seems to me that the mothers they don't have awareness about the side effects of drug and opium. Therefore, the innocent child is not responsible. His only fault is to be in Afghanistan where people's level of awareness is low. These children need good and healthy futures. Begun in childhood -- or later to alleviate work-related pain -- opium addiction often continues into old age.

Počet zhlédnutí: 32495
A Fateful Harvest - part 4 - The war against poppy 9:04

A Fateful Harvest - part 4 - The war against poppy

War against poppy in Nangarhaar province in 2004: Success or failure? What is the economic gain for the drug traffickers? afghan afghanistan democracy taliban corruption illegal drug trade antonio maria costa crop farmers criminals extremists pakistan opium poppy trafficker illegal narcotics heroin export cultivation insurgency eradication helmond criminals united nations debt king zahir shah soviet union roseanne klass russian kafaiyatullah mujahadin socialism rural economy farmland survival income-generating military muslim kirk mullah omar democracy karzai trafficking vanda felbab-brown christina orguz narco-state poppies iran smuggling criminal counter-narcotics thomas schweich kandahar nato zabul province drugs drug five pillar plan interdiction uruzgan tirin kot mohammad daoud adam holloway pomegranate profitable sustainable nangarhar agricultural shinwari growers irrigation dur jan poverty dealer fields badahkshan anti-narcotics police processing lab morphine refining kabul kamair doug wankel druglord dea haji baz mohmmad boyd johnson corrupt parliament shukria barakzai government warlords tribal addict unemployment balkh unodc

Počet zhlédnutí: 24929
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